The minister revealed plans to replace the old Stamp Duty system with a new more graduated system in November. At the time, he claimed the Land and Buildings Transaction Tax was a fairer alternative to the Stamp Duty ‘slab’ rule, which can distort market prices by forcing clustering of properties valued on or around the Stamp Duty thresholds.
The SNP is now increasing the 0% tax bracket from £135,000 to £145,000, which will take an extra 5000 homes out of tax altogether. Swinney points out that buyers of properties worth less than £325,000 will benefit from the new system, which could represent as many as 90% of Scottish home purchasers.
The original LBTT rates were 0% for properties sold for up to £135,000, 2% for properties sold for between £135,000 to £250,000, 10% for properties with sale prices of £250,000-£1m and 12% for homes worth more than £1m.
These rates have now been revised to:
- Up to £145,000 the rate is 0%
- From £145,000 to £250,000 the rate is 2%
- From £250,000 to £325,000 the rate is 5%
- From £325,000 to £750,000 the rate is 10%
- From £750,000 upwards the rate is 12%
The SNP is revising its flagship policy after Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne’s overhaul of the English Stamp Duty system made the Scottish LBTT rates appear less attractive.
Compared with the old English Stamp Duty rates, LBTT provided significantly cheaper rates for the majority of Scottish buyers. However, Osborne’s radical reform made the incoming LBTT rates more expensive for thousands of Scots overnight.
Now, anyone buying a property in Scotland worth over £245,000 (just above the average cost of a detached house) will pay more if the LBTT rates are not revised. Critics claim this will hit the middle classes hardest and pressure has been mounting on the SNP government to improve its flagship policy. Many owners of high-end properties have criticised the plans for the eye-watering 10% tax rate that kicks in from £250,000.
These new rates have added an extra 5% tax band to break up the previous £250,000 to £1m bracket. Buyers of properties worth between £250,000 and £325,000 will be given a boost as the new rates will mean significantly lower payments for these purchasers.
However, owners of high-end properties will be disappointed to see that the top 12% rate of tax will now kick in at £750,000 – £250,000 less than under the original rates.